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郑大自考公共课《英语二》试题

[日期:2013-11-04]   来源:考试真题  作者:高老师   阅读:92[字体: ]

英语(二)试卷

(课程代码00015

本试卷分为两部分,满分100分,考试时间150分钟。

第一部分为选择题,1页至8页,共8页。应考者必须在答题卡上按要求填涂,不能答在试卷上。

 

第二部分为非选择题,9页至10页,共2页。应考者必须在答题纸上答题。

 

PART ONE50 POINTS

1 Vocabulary and Structure10 points1 point each

从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。

1All theories­­­­­______from practice and in turn serve practice

Adiffer  

Brange

Crecover

Doriginate

2There is little­­­______increasing your reading speed if you do not understand what you are reading

Aaim   

Buse

Cvalue

Dmeaning

3what you say now is not______with what you said yesterday 

Ainsistent   

Bprevalent

Cconsistent

Dpermanent

4Putting prisoners in chains doesn’t solve the______0f crimesuch as  poverty or disaffection within society

Acauses   

Bvictims

Cpurposes

Dincreases

5Binary starsas their name suggestsare twin stars whose position in space______ each other

Aaffects   

Bexpects   

Cperfects

Dinspects

6All evidence relevant______the case should be gathered and analyzed

Awith   

Bto

Cfrom  

Dfor

7Come what______we’ll go ahead with our plan

Acan   

Bneed   

Cmay

Dmust

8We should______primary importance to the development of economy

Aattach   

Bconvert

Cattribute

Dcontribute

9Examiners who are______to favorites are criticized by many people

Aindifferent   

Bsimilar   

Cequivalent

Dpartial

10Look for small ways to add activity to your day, like taking the stairs______the elevator or going on a short walk

Ain spite of   

Binstead of

C in terms of   

Din view of

IICloze Test10 points1 point each

    下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,

并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。       

People produce food in many waysAgricultureor farmingdeveloped j thousands of years ago. ___11___about 100 years ago, most farmers in the United States Produced only enough food for their own___12___Today,modern equipment and farming methods have greatly ___13___the American farmer’s productivity.

In various parts of the world,people___14___many animals that supply meat and milk. Cattle, horses, goats, sheep, and pigs are important food animals. In the United States, the cow is the major source of milk products. Chickens___15___ people with both meat and eggs.

Fishing is an important source of food , ___16___in areas near the sea. Some countries, like Japan, consume much more fish than meat.

The wealthy areas of the world consume the most food , ___17___include the United States, Canada, and Europe. Many countries are able to import food if it cannot be produced at home. ___18___Great Britain imports about 75percent of its meatand grows less than half the food its people require.

___19___people of the poor countries of the world usually eat only what they are able to produce themselves. In some parts of Asia, people live ___20___rice alone.

11AIn    BUntil    CFrom    Dfor

12Aneeds    Breasons    Cefforts    Dinterests 

13Aprotected  Bsupported    Cincreased    Dreflected

14Agrow    Braise    Ctrain    Dstore

15Aprepare    Btreat    Cserve    Dprovide

16Acertainly    Bactually    Coccasionally Despecially

17Athese    Bwhere    Cwhich    Dthey

18AIn addition  BFor example  CAbove all   DAfter all

19AHowever    BTherefore    CMoreover    Dinstead

20Awith    Bfor    Con    Dthrough

IIIReading Comprehension30 points2 points each

    从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。

Passage One

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

Lately it has become fashionable in America to question whether it is really worth it to go to college. According to a new survey released by the Pew Research Center, only 40 percent of Americans felt that colleges provided a good value for the cost. At the same time,86 percent of college graduates still felt the investment was a good one for them.

There are a number of reasons for the widespread dissatisfaction with college. First, there are plenty of problems with higher educationpoor quality and out-of-control costs are two of the biggestSecond it is true that college is not for everyoneThere are plenty of rewarding and important careers that do not require collegeAnd due to the slow economythere may in fact be more graduates than the current job market needsBesidesanti-college sentiment is nothing new· TodayMicrosoft’s Bill Gates or Apple’s Steve Jobs—both college dropouts-is often held up as evidence of why all that time sitting in class is better spent elsewhere

  Howevergetting a college education is still a good ideaCollege graduates earn moreand are more likely to have a job in the first placeAccording to the statistics last yearthe average weekly earnings for someone with some college but no degree were$712compared to$1038 for a college graduateThat is almost$17000 over the course of a year and there is an even bigger divide for those with less educationMeanwhilethe unemployment rate was 9.2 percent for those with only some college and more than 10 percent for those with just a middle school degreebut it was 5.4 percent for college graduatesThe economic gaps between college completers and those with less education are getting larger·   

Although most Americans surveyed by Pew feel doubtful about the value of a college degreean overwhelming majority of parents Pew surveyed still expect their children to go to college“It call be inferred that the increased doubt has not significantly influenced decision making’’Pew’s Taylor says“Despite the concern about rising costs and other problemscollege remains a universal desire in this country

21Recently many Americans question_____

Athe value of a college degree

Bthe ability of college graduates   

Cthe quality of college education   

Dthe high cost of higher education

22The passage tells US that Bill Gates was_____

Aa self-taught college student   

Ba hardworking undergraduate   

Ca successful college dropout   

Da successful college graduate

23The writer seems to agree that_____

Athere is no need to go to college

Banti—college sentiment is a new thing

Ccollege cannot guarantee employment

Dcollege education remains a wise choice

24The unemployment rate for college graduates last Year was_____

A5.4   

B7.1 

C9.2

D10

25The Pew survey implies that_____

Athe cost of college education will decrease

Bmost Americans still favor college education 

Cthe quality of college education will improve 

Dincreased doubt affects parents’decision making

Passage Two

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage·

A major sociological社会学的theory known as symbolic interactionism

号互动论offers some important clarification of how men and women are taught to fill different  roles in societyThe key concept in symbolic interactionism is that communication makes a big difference in behaviorpeople act on the basis of messages they receive from othersand how they understand those messages. This can be seen in a concept developed by sociologist Charles Horton Cooley known as the looking-glass self

By the looking-glass selfCooley meant the self-image that each of us develops according to the messages we receive from otherswe think and behave according to our understanding of those messagesIf, for examplea  young girl is repeatedly told that she is pretty, she will come to believe that1she is in fact prettyand2being pretty is an important thing in her lifeSimilarlyif she is told that she is not goodor not expected to be goodat certain thingssuch as math she will come to believe that she is not good at such things and would better off working at things she can be successful atThe likely product is a young woman who devotes a great deal of attention to her appearanceregards being pretty as a key to success in lifeand who is intimidated by anything involving numbers

Since we know that young girls are given messages like theseand that young boys are given different messageswe can see a good part of how sex roles are taughtThere is little or no evidence of differences in what young girls and young girls and boys can dobut the older children becomethe greater the differences in the areas in which boys and girls are likely to stand out.

26Symbolic interactionism helps to explain______

Ahow to make a difference in people’s social behavior

Bhow to make people understand different social roles

Chow men and women learn to communicate in society

Dhow men and women learn to take different social roles

27The “looking-glass self'’ concept offers a clue as to______

Awhether one can improve one’s self-image   

Bwhether one is likely to succeed in an area   

Chow one receives different social messages   

Dhow social messages shape one’s self-image

28The example of the young girl shows that______

Awomen care more about appearance

Bwomen are inferior to men in numbers   

Cpeople are liable to social expectations   

Dpeople regard looks as a key to Success

29The phrase “better off’para.2probably means——-

Amore comfortable   

Bmore dependable   

Cmore respectable   

Dmore reasonable

30Boys and girls are likely to stand out in different areas______

Aas they advance in age

Bas they grow in wisdom

Cas their interests diversify

Das their capacities develop

 

Passage Three

 Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage

    Since the beginning of the Internet erait has been widely accepted that when you join an online companywhatever data you put into it belongs to you

    That means you can sign up for one kind of emailimport your contacts into that systemand if you later decide to switch to some other email serviceyou can export all your contacts from the first service into the new oneYou can use Microsoft’s Hotmailthen move to Yahoo Mailthen to Google’s GmailOr you can have accounts on three services and keep all your contacts in each one

    That’ the way things were until Facebook appeared. Facebook took a different approach Until recently, everything you put into Facebook could not be exported anywhere. In effect,  you didn’t own your data. Facebook did.

Of course this is rubbishThe reality is that Facebook wants to make it difficultif not impossiblefor you to leave

    Now that policy has sparked a fight between Google and FacebookGoogle is angry because its users canand often doexport their Gmail contact information into FacebookBut those people can’t bring Facebook information back into Gmail

    Earlier this month Google declared it would block exports of its data to FacebookIn a shameless moveFacebook broke through Google’s roadblock so its users could keep pulling data from Google

    Google said it was “disappointed’’ with Facebook’s  behaviorIt also created a warning screen to tell Gmail users that if they export their information to Facebook they won’t  get it back

    BasicallyFacebook’s  position with major IT companies is thisif you want access to all the information we’ve collectedstrike a deal with usMicrosoft and Yahoo have done thatand nowlike magicthey can export Facebook contact information into their systemswhile Google still can’t

    Remember the early days of the Netwhen everything was going to be open and flee? That was great until people realized that their user data could be turned into goldNow there are billions involvedand nobody is playing nice anymore

31Before Facebook appearedpeople_______

Ahad a limited number of accounts   

Benjoyed a completely free service   

Chad limited access to their contacts

Denjoyed full ownership of their data

 32It seems that Facebook’s approach makes the writer rather_______

Aannoyed   

Bassured

Cpuzzled

Dpleased

33Google is angry with Facebook due to the latter’s refusal to_______

Alet its users use Gmail   

Boffer technical support

Cshare user information

Dprotect user information

34The passage indicates that Microsoft and Yahoo have_______

Aagreed to side with Google

Baccepted Facebook’s  terms

Ctaken their own approaches

Dstruck a deal with each other

35According to the writer, the current state of the Net is_______

Amisleading   

Bfrustrating   

Cpromising

Dsatisfying

20121月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试

英语(二)试卷

(课程代码0359

 

PART TWO  50 POINTS

IVWord Spelling10 points1 point for two words

    将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。    整的单词写在答题纸上。

36.性格,品质 n. c_______

37.容忍,容许vt. t_______

38.几乎不 ad. h________

39.四月  n. A_______

40.干旱,旱灾 n, d_______

41.可靠的a. r__________

42.碰撞vi. c________

43.仪器;乐器n. i_______

44.适度的 a. m______

45.浅的 a. s_____

46.打哈欠 vi. y______

47.放射 n. r_______

48.直接地 ad. s_________

49.流利的 a. f___________

50.排除,排斥 vt. e________

51.百 num. h_______

52.急迫的 a. u_______

53.坦白地 ad. f_______

54.清白的 a. i_____

55.加强,巩固 vt. s_______

 

VWord Form 10 points1 point each

    将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。

56Could you give me a quick__________explainfor how it works?

57Thomas Jefferson was a leading__________ createof the U.S. Constitution

58Scholars offer three related but different opinions about different opinions about the__________ mysteryorigin and significance of these paintings

59She sat by the fire and felt the__________ warmspread through her body

60The project is only__________ theoryworkable

61Boys are very much in the__________ minorat the dance class

62We took a contrary view, but we have to implement andforce]

    the law passed by Congress

63In addition to intelligencewe should develop__________ persistin children

64He is__________ habitlate for schoolhe is never on time

65It would be completely__________ responsibleto use drugs on people that

    had not been tested on animals

VITranslation from Chinese into English 15 points3 points each

    将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。

66.今年热得很不寻常。

67.你一旦开始,就必须继续下去。

68.你需要更多的练习,这是很明显的。

69.要不是她的妈妈,她是读不完大学的。

70.最近的研究表明,白日做梦是日常生活的一部分。

 

VIITranslation from English into Chinese15 points

    将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。

    Time is dangerousIf you don’t control itit will control youIf you don't make it work for youit will work against youYou must become the master of timenot the servant

    Study hard and play hard is an old proverbbut it still makes senseYou have plenty of time for classesstudy and play if you use your time properlyIt is not how much time you allocate for study that counts but how much you learn when you do study

The more time you wastethe easier it is to continue wasting timeSoon, doing nothing becomes a habit you can’t breakIt becomes a drugWhen this happensyou lose your feeling of accomplishment

 

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